Category Archives: Standard Oil

CHAPTER 10: Shell support for the Nazis continued after the retirement of Sir Henri as leader

The above photograph is of Sir Henri Deterding around the time of his retirement as absolute leader of the Royal Dutch Shell Group, standing alongside his third wife, a thirty-eight-year-old German-born ardent Nazi, Charlotte Knaack. Her admiration for the Nazis probably strengthened his views, and no doubt played a part in the decision to move their home to Germany.

In October 1936, the first news reports of the pending resignation of Sir Henri Deterding as the leader of Royal Dutch Shell Group were published. read more

Posted in Charlotte-Minna Knaack, Fritz De Kok, Germany, Human Rights, I.G. Farben, IG Farben, Jewish, Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, Oil, Rhenania-Ossag, Royal Dutch Shell Group, Shell, Sir Henri Deterding, Standard Oil, The Holocaust, The Nazis, World War 2, Zyklon-B gas | Leave a comment

CHAPTER 11: Shell collaborated in the Nazi annexation of Austria and occupation of Czechoslovakia

German forces entered Vienna on 17 March 1938 (above). The Nazis annexed Austria in what became known as the Anschluss and occupied Czechoslovakia a year later. Royal Dutch Shell authorized its German subsidiary Rhenania-Ossag, to take over Shell operating companies in both countries.

Being one of the two biggest German oil concerns and the main lube oil manufacturer, Shell subsidiary Rhenania-Ossag was an industry leader in Nazi Germany. Many of its directors and staff were Nazis.

Following Hitler’s annexation of Austria on 12 March 1938 (photo) and the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, Dutch directors of Royal Dutch gave approval to Rhenania-Ossag taking over the Shell operating companies in those countries. read more

Posted in Adolf Hitler, Czechoslovakia, Deutsche Gasolin A.G., Germany, Hauptmann Eckhardt von Klass, Heinrich Himmler, I.G. Farben, IG Farben, Rhenania-Ossag, Royal Dutch Shell Group, Shell, Standard Oil, The Nazis, Uncategorized, World War 2 | Leave a comment

CHAPTER 12: Shell’s notorious business partner: IG Farben

Several IG Farben directors were found guilty of war crimes arising from their actions during WW2.  The firm manufactured large quantities of Zyklon-B gas used by the Nazis to kill millions of Jews at extermination camps during the Holocaust. Royal Dutch Shell was a business partner of I.G. Farben both in Germany and globally.

Prior to WW2, Royal Dutch Shell had been a business partner both internationally and in Germany, with I.G. Farben (Interessen-Gemeinschaft Farbenindustrie AG.

IG Farben was formed in 1925 from a number of chemical companies and became the largest chemical company in the world.  Involved in war crimes during WW2, the company was seized by the Allies in 1945 and liquidated in 1952. read more

Posted in Dr. Erich Boeder, Heinrich Himmler, Hermann Göring, Human Rights, I.G. Farben, IG Farben, Nuremberg War Crimes Trials, Oil, Rhenania-Ossag, Royal Dutch Shell Group, Russia, Shell, Sir Henri Deterding, Slave labor, Standard Oil, Verwalter, Wikipedia, World War 2, Zyklon-B gas | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

CHAPTER 13: Royal Dutch Shell and Nazi slave labor

The photograph shows military uniforms worn by marching employees of the Shell German subsidiary, Rhenania-Ossag. A photograph on the next page shows swastika flags on display during a staff meeting. Rhenania-Ossag was part and parcel of the Nazi movement when the Shell Group was in undisputed full control of the company.  A senior director was involved in Nazi military planning.

In 1935, Rhenania-Ossag (owned by Royal Dutch Shell) was Germany’s second-largest gas station company, with 16,363 petrol pumps and several refineries. There were active Nazi members in the workforce and management. It’s DG, Dr. Erich Boeder, was involved in Nazi military planning (oil production) on behalf of the company. read more

Posted in Adolf Hitler, Anti-Semitic, Collaboration, Deutsche Gasolin A.G., Germany, I.G. Farben, IG Farben, Jewish, Oil, Rhenania-Ossag, Royal Dutch Shell Group, Shell, Slave labor, Standard Oil, Swastika flag, The Nazi Party, The Nazis, The Netherlands, Uncategorized, Waffen-SS, World War 2, Zyklon-B gas | Leave a comment